National Education Policy 2009 Curriculum review
Curriculum review to be completed by year-end
Islamabad, Aug 21: The process of curriculum review is scheduled to end by
December this year under which different subjects of grade 1 to 12 are being
revised in order to overcome their deficiencies and translate them into
According to the draft of National Education
Policy 2009, a comprehensive review of school curricula was initiated in 2005.
The Curriculum Wing of Ministry of Education, strengthened by professionals from
the field, reviewed the scheme of studies in the first phase, while in the
second phase, the revised curricula for 25 core subjects (Grade 1 to 12) were
notified in 2007. The review of the remaining subjects, as listed in the scheme
of studies, is in progress and will continue till December 2009.
According to an official source in the Curriculum Wing of the Education
Ministry, the sixth chapter of the National Education Policy 2009 draft also
stresses the need for curriculum development within which the comparison of the
current curriculum with the curricula of different countries; consultations with
teachers, administrators, educationists, curriculum experts and students; field
visits to collect feedback from teachers and stakeholders; identification and
training of working teams through workshops and seminars; review of drafts by
subject experts and working teachers leading to further revision and refinement
of contents; and preparation of a uniform curriculum format consisting of
standards, benchmarks and learning outcomes are vital parts of the curriculum
Currently, the curriculum also does not cater to
the diverse conditions in the education sector itself including multi-grade
classes as well as variations within the geographical breadth of the country, as
Pakistan is blessed with a multitude of cultures and topographies that fail to
be adequately recognised and assimilated by the education system.
document highlights that in basic primary education, the most important missing
element is the diffused focus on the local context. However, efforts have been
made to overcome the deficiencies in curriculum development and its translation
into meaningful knowledge.
According to the upcoming education policy,
curriculum development shall be objective-driven and outcome-based; focus on
learning the outcomes rather than the content; closely reflect important social
issues; provide more room for developing the capacity for self-directed
learning, spirit of inquiry, critical thinking, problem-solving and team work.
It states that the curriculum development and review process as well as
the textbooks review shall be standardised and institutionalised within the
framework of the Federal Supervision of Curricula, Textbooks & Maintenance
of Standards of Education Act 1976. It also states that professional councils
such as Pakistan Medical & Dental Council (PM&DC) and Pakistan
Engineering Council (PEC) shall be involved in consultations for relevant
The policy also highlights the importance of
fundamental rights, stating that the curriculum shall emphasise the fundamental
rights guaranteed to the citizens of Pakistan, so that each individual shall
develop within himself/herself and the society at large a civic culture strong
enough to withstand any extra constitutional interference, which threatens those
The need for environmental education is also stressed while the
use of Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) in education shall be
promoted in line with the Ministry of Education's 'National Information &
Communication Technology Strategy for Education in Pakistan'.
says that the ICTs shall be utilised creatively to assist teachers and students
with a wide range of abilities and from varied socio-economic backgrounds, and
shall be used to strengthen the quality of teaching and educational management.
The document also focuses on tackling emerging trends and concepts such
as school health, prevention education against HIV/AIDS and other infectious
diseases, life skills based education, environmental education, population and
development education, human rights education, school safety and disaster &
risk management, peace education and inter-faith harmony, detection and
prevention of child abuse, etc, that shall be infused in the curricula, and
awareness and training materials shall be developed for students and teachers in
this context, keeping in view the cultural values and sensitivities.
Moreover, school health education and school safety shall be infused
within the curricula and learning materials with a focus on improving school
environment, enriching the health education content, instituting regular
mechanisms for health screening and health services of students, and nutritional
support to needy children, in coordination with the departments of health,
environment and population at federal, provincial and district levels.
It also states that entrepreneurial studies shall be introduced to
develop entrepreneurial and business skills in students of general education to
make them productive and self-oriented citizens.
The policy stresses the
need for ongoing feedback and evaluation mechanism, so that a continuous
improvement process is institutionalised. Feedback should flow from the primary
providers of education to the curriculum development process with full
involvement of all intermediary players.
"hope to see the work . but i hope it will be more appreciating if all these comments and suggestion and ideas brought in to the implemented form . i ever appreciate the policy and plan of pakistan . we are to good in the formation of documents . but to dull in the implementation. so far it is necessary for us to bring these document in the form of practical work .. with best regardas and hope ful for better future M A CHUADHRY P.HD SCHOLAR "
Name: M ASIF CHUADHRY
City, Country: islamabad pakistan
"i cant understand your tough policy.pleas right in easy English."
Name: maria rana
City, Country:lahore pakistan
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Private schools ignore vacation extension notice
Islamabad: In sheer violation of a notification issued by the Punjab government, almost all
private academic institutions in the city reopened on August 15 after summer
The District Education Department failed to stop managements of
private academic institutions from reopening their schools after summer break.
The Punjab government had notified that all schools would reopen on
September 1 instead of August 15 because of extremely hot and humid weather.
Parents as well as students are annoyed over the reopening of private
schools and colleges, as according to them, they should follow rules and
regulations of the government.
Shabbir Ahmed said: "Private schools and
colleges have their own rules and policies. In this hot weather, students are
reluctant to go to schools."
Kanwal Hameed, a mother, said: "It is not
possible for young children to go to schools in such a hot weather, but the
school administration is not ready to extend the vacation."
Mughal, principal of a private school, said: "We have to cover long courses.
During these 15 days, we will try to cover maximum syllabus and check homework
Meanwhile, all schools and colleges in Rawalpindi
affiliated with the Federal Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education are
open as the notification is only for Punjab government schools and colleges.
District Officer (Colleges) Ulfat Mehmood Janjua said: "We had issued the notification to all colleges situated in the
jurisdiction of Rawalpindi, but managements of private colleges are not ready to
follow rules and regulations of the government." The notification was issued on
the demand of parents and students, he added. The news
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Youth prove more open-minded than politicians
Islamabad: Pakistan's deepening energy crisis and its growing dependency
on the United States were the obvious focus of the concluding session of
Pakistan Young Leaders Conference (PYLC) here on Thursday.
System of Integrated Studies (GSIS) and the National Union of Pakistani Students
and Alumni (NUPSA), a student-run body connecting Pakistan societies of major
universities across the United Kingdom, organised the conference which was
attended by seasoned politicians like Jehangir Badar.
discussion focused on suggesting solutions to Pakistan's problems, thus
inculcating the spirit of problem solving among the young generation.
Thursday, resolutions were presented by the delegates from five different
committees – education, water and power, finance, interior affairs, and foreign
Speaking about the seriousness of the energy and water
crises, the water and power committee suggested that if the Kalabagh Dam project
was not possible, the financial focus should be diverted to Akhori Dam, which
according to the experts was as fruitful as Kalabagh.
leaders said politicians should learn from their mistakes and should leave the
technical decisions to the technocrats.
Besides discussing the
alternative energy resources, they showed their disappointment over
non-utilisation of the second-largest coal reserves in the world which Pakistan
The foreign affairs committee focused on Pakistan's relations
with the United States, China, Afghanistan and India.
The key point of
this committee was to gradually reduce dependency on the US and engage with
other friends of Pakistan which included Saudi Arabia, China and European
The youth also proposed that Pakistan should rely on internal
resources to finance its economy, instead of depending on foreign aid.
They also stressed on development of the Gwadar Port to improve
relations with China.
Similarly, the committees on finance and interior
affairs also gave useful recommendations.
The objective of the
conference was to provide a forum to the youth to discuss the challenges
confronting the country.
The programme gave the participants a greater
understanding of their role as national ambassadors. Dawn
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